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Accueil > Recherches > Aires géographiques étudiées > Asie

Asia

par Arancha Sánchez - publié le , mis à jour le

China


Understanding the impacts of climate policies in China and their dynamics is essential for the international climate policy. Research conducted at CIRED contribute to this debate by analyzing the costs and opportunities for China to transition to a low-carbon economy in an adverse overall economic context (cf. PhD thesis of Meriem Hamdi-Cherif).


Macroeconomic evaluations of the costs of mitigation in China using a Computable General Equilibrium model in a second-best framework are carried out (IMACLIM-R). The tool used captures important element that are not systematically covered by exiting analyses, like inertia constraints, imperfect expectations and non optimal exploitations of production factors (labor, capital). Beyond the comprehensive assessment of climate mitigation costs, the modeling framework allows (i) exhibiting the mechanisms underlying these costs in the short-term and in the long-term, and thus (ii) revealing levers that might be used to reduce them. Furthermore, the conducted analyses demonstrate that beyond the carbon price, the costs of climate policy essentially depend on the sequencing of complementary policies, with a crucial role of bottom-up measures likely to complement the carbon price. It proclaims that an innovative development pathway with a sustainable future in China will require implementing local measures able to (i) provide appropriate incentives for long-term investments by resorting to other signals than current market prices and (ii) incorporate sectoral measures that act complementarily.


Furthermore, it is worth noting that to go further in addressing the low-carbon energy transition in China in its full socio-economic complexity, a country version of the model, grounded on the IMACLIM modeling platform is under development in collaboration with Tsinghua university.


Researchers : Meriem Hamdi-Cherif



India


[Content in progress]


Researchers : Bruno Dorin (détaché depuis 2014 au CSH-Delhi), Céline Guivarch, Jean-Charles Hourcade



Vietnam


The research at CIRED on this geographical area focuses on sustainable development of the energy sector, using both model-based, economic and qualitative methods. For example, we study optimal development plans for the power generation sector under various constraints using the bottom up model LEAP and the hybrid energy/economy model IMACLIM. We are interested in sustainability indicators for the sectors of biomass energy, and in the potential of carbon capture and storage in Vietnam. We are conducting research on the structure of the energy market, and on the production networks in the windmills industry. We are investigating social aspects of large infrastructure projects, and the influence of fuel compatibility on cookstove choices by households. These research are conducted in collaboration with the Clean Energy and Sustainable Development lab (USTH), an international, interdisciplinary lab was founded in 2014 by a senior CIRED, CNRS researcher to contribute to the clean development of the energy sector in Vietnam.


Researchers : Minh Ha-Duong, Hoang Anh Nguyen-Trinh