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Accueil > Recherches > Aires géographiques étudiées > Afrique et Moyen-Orient

Africa and Middle East

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South Africa


CIRED studies about South Africa consist at the national level of an analysis of climate change mitigation, economic growth and employment, and for the city of Cape Town of a study of transport policies, energy and regional economic development.


For the national level we applied the IMACLIM modelling framework to South Africa. The model, IMACLIM-SA, is an open economy CGE model with dual accounting of monetary and energy flows. It is used to analyse the impact of a carbon tax and different tax revenue recycling schemes on employment and economic growth.
Besides, we analyse the question of investment in skills as a potential for economic growth. Furthermore, we make use of the TIMES South Africa model (SATIM) of the Energy Research Centre of the University of Cape Town for engineering insights on energy supply and demand. The model has been developed for the research program on green growth of l’Agence Française de Développement (AFD).


About transport in the metropole of Cape Town a project has been started together with World Bank to study the impact of transport policies and infrastructure on energy use for transport and local economic development through applying the NEDUM model to the city of Cape Town.


Researchers : Frédéric Ghersi, Jules Schers

Algeria and Tunisia


Algeria


[Content in progress]


Tunisia


[Content in progress]

Saudi Arabia


The economy of Saudi Arabia is based on an oil and gas rent that has warranted, since the country’s origins, a sustained trade surplus as well as balanced public budgets despite high levels of public intervention. Public policies have traditionally financed a strong social programme notably extended to massive market price regulation. In later years they have also targeted diversification through the support of energy intensive sectors as the iron and steel or petrochemical industries.


A global transition towards a low-carbon world will be a threat to such growth model, attacking simultaneously its resources, industrial priorities and export markets. The budget trade-offs required by a decreasing rent on export markets will constitute an additional, major social challenge.


The purpose of implementing a Saudi Arabia version of IMACLIM is to model the combination of these stakes in the structured framework of a controlled, dual accounting of monetary and energy flows. The aim is to produce a precise diagnosis of the threats bearing on Saudi development, and to study possible transition pathways out the current deadlocks built around organised structural change.


Researchers : Frédéric Ghersi

Comoros


This thesis consists in the subject of “Reconciliation biodiversity conservation and development goals : Analysis of the perceptions of the creation of a protected area in the forest of Karthala in Comoros”. This study is based into the challenges of biodiversity conservation and development goals. It’s in an international context of the environmental policy of the biodiversity conservation and development goals will look for studding a particular example which concerns the forest of Karthala in Comoros. So, the main objective of this thesis is to follow the process of the creation of a protected area in the forest of Kartha in Comoros, in order to understand and analyze the actor logic, the affects of the actions and retroactions of the relation between society-nature. Indeed, we propose to use a “reading grid” in order to analyze the effects of this process. So our methodology is based in the analysis of the ecosystem components representation according to the conception of the actors, the local people and the environmental authorities. Some tools like GIS and cognitive maps, questionnaire, survey, meetings, will be used in order to mobilize the representation. These tools would help us to analyze the effects of the interactions between uses- resources dynamic. The analysis of the effects could drive to appreciate the effectiveness and performance of the national policy of the sustainable development in Comoros.


PhD Students : Abdou Soilihi

West and central Africa


CIRED researchers work on the link between climate and agriculture in West and Central Africa. Research deal with different means to manage risks linked to climate variability, including warrantage, insurances based on weather indices, and seasonal forecasts. Methods include randomized experiments, experimental economics and econometrics.


Other works deal with the impact of climate on agricultural yield, including a meta-analysis of existing studies, a study on millet and sorghum and others on cotton. Ongoing works, more methodological, are about the so-called Ricardian approach [1], which uses cross-section regressions to study the economic impact of climate change, and to its limits.


These works are led in co-operation with other economists, agronomists and climatologists, mainly in France (LOCEAN-IPSL), Niger (Agrhymet) and Senegal (ISRA, CIRAD).


Researchers : Philippe Quirion

PhD Student :Fabrice Ochou


[1Mendelsohn, R., Nordhaus, W. D., & Shaw, D. (1994). The impact of global warming on agriculture : a Ricardian analysis. The American Economic Review, 753-771.