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Accueil > Recherches > Thématiques de recherche > Offre et demande d’énergie

Energy supply and energy demand

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Governance and networks of electrical industries

[Content in progress]


Policies and development of renewable energy sources (EnR)


The recent development of renewable energy technologies (wind, solar, hydroelectric, geothermal, biomass ...) has turned renewable energies into significant contributors to national energy mixes. Researchers at CIRED explores the issues raised by this development from different perspectives.


Economic and institutional analyses, including modelling works, address the role of policy instruments – such as : carbon tax, feed-in tariffs, bonus, auctions, tradable quotas ... Fairness and efficiency are key dimensions of interest in these research works, in relation with issues of governance (power gird, electricity markets) and policy devising - especially in the European Union.


A second strand of interdisciplinary works is rooted in sociological and geographical approaches. It explores the processes of emergence and deployment of renewable energy technologies and policies, their societal, territorial or landscape anchoring, and the related controversies. The construction of renewable energy sources, their bringing into economics, the underlying game of players steering policy processes and technologies are key point of interests in these analyses.


These works allowed CIRED to contribute to the IPCC work, notably in its Special Report on Renewable Energy (SRREN 2013, 1 Leading Author).


Researchers : Alain Nadaï


Energy Demand, Tax Reform and Equity


Les politiques de transition énergétique seront difficilement acceptées si elles accroissent les inégalités, la pauvreté et les difficultés des plus vulnérables.


The energy transition will not be accepted if the policies implemented also increase inequalities, poverty, and the difficulties faced by the most vulnerable sections of the population.


The CIRED examine these issues of fairness along three lines of research :


The first line investigates statistically the technical, socio-economic and geographical determinants of energy vulnerability and poverty, the energy demand and energy efficiency in buildings and transport, and changes in lifestyle and consumptions patterns.


The second line of research carries out ex ante and ex post evaluations (tax reforms, subsidies, regulations, energy performance guarantees, recycling modes of the carbon price revenue). The effects of policy options on energy demand, incomes, employment, poverty and inequalities are simulated using the modelling tools developed at CIRED (building models, IMACLIM models).


The third line of research examines the choice of the equity criterion and its implications on the formulation of recommendations. The terms of the trade-offs between the equity requirements and the other goals of the energy transition depend on many aspects : central planning or negotiated decision making, intra or inter-generational inequalities, climate disaster risk, etc. The on-going theoretical and applied works scrutinise these discussions in order to identify the best compromises.


Researchers : Carine Barbier, Cyril Bourgeois, Emmanuel Combet, Frédéric Ghersi, Gaëtan Giraudet, Aurélie Méjean, Franck Nadaud et Philippe Quirion.
PhD Students : Audrey Berry, Julien Lefèvre, Gaëlle Le Treut, Jules Schers